Mobility 4.0 and cognitive ergonomics, Céline Lemercier Thinking about the human in an autonomous and connected environment

Dans le cadre du projet 4I4U – cItizen, teachIng, Industry, cIties FOR fUture mobility, un ensemble d’évènements est prévu pour sensibiliser un public de jeunes apprenants, de 15-23 ans, sur les enjeux de la mobilité du futur. Un cycle de séminaires permettant de comprendre les différents aspects de la mobilité : automobile, design, ville intelligente, technologie, humaine est organisé afin de sensibiliser ce public et s’échelonnera du 15 février au 3 juin 2022.

Free entrance within the limit of the places available.

The conference will be presented in mixed languages (slides in english & oral presentation in french). Also available live and for replay on our YouTube channel.

The 21st century opens the 4th industrial revolution, the digital one. Artificial intelligence is being introduced into all human activities. Today under the unique and exclusive supervision of humans, tomorrow the driving activity will be shared with, and then under the unique supervision of an artificial intelligence. This automation of vehicles will also be accompanied by profound changes in road space, which will itself become autonomous and connected. Here, two views of technological development confront each other. The first one, centered on technology, considers that humans must adapt to the changes in their daily mobility caused by new and innovative technological solutions. In this perspective, intelligence is shared between interconnected artificial intelligent agents. The human being, if he is not equipped (telephone, connected watch), is out of the decision loop. Artificial intelligence “does without” human intelligence, implying at least a lack of understanding of the usefulness and usability of the technologies developed, and at worst their rejection. The second, human-centered approach, considers that intelligent agents must adapt to the needs and constraints of end users. This time, intelligence is shared between humans and digital agents, with humans taking part in the decision. Artificial intelligence “works with” human intelligence, involving technological solutions developed to meet human needs and constraints. Cognitive and ergonomic psychology, adopting an experimental approach to human-intelligent system interaction, questions the usefulness, usability and acceptability of intelligent mobility systems on the one hand, and advocates the development of interfaces adapted to humans on the other. Using examples from the work of the CLLE laboratory, we will interrogate the challenges that need to be addressed to allow humans to find their place in mobility 4.0.

Céline Lemercier (CLLE laboratory) is a University Professor in cognitive and ergonomic psychology at the University of Toulouse Jean Jaurès. Since 2000, she has been conducting research at the Cognition Langues Langage Ergonomie laboratory (UMR CNRS 5263, team: Cognition in Complex Situations) on the theme of attention and its defects (interference, distraction and inattention), in particular in driving. Since 2002, she has led and participated as a partner in several public (1 PIA3 project, 3 ANR, 3 Région projects) and 11 private (with Renault, PSA, Snooper, Bouygues Energie & Services…) research programs. Since 2018, she has been working on the evaluation of locomotiophobia (that is, the fear to be a pasenger in car) and its impact on the emotional and cognitive behavior of the drivenger (a concept that summarizes the alternating status of passenger and driver of the individual behind the wheel). She is currently supervising four doctoral theses in cognitive ergonomics on mental load issues, perceptual-attentional confusion, on the influence of the internal characteristics of the drivenger (age, expertise, traits and emotional states) on his/her ability to resume the wheel in an adapted way and on his/her acceptability of interaction with semi-autonomous vehicles. Since 2019, she is responsible for the HMI Acceptability action of the PIA3 Vilagil research program (2020-2030) focused on the place of the human in the urban/road space of tomorrow. Since 2002, she is responsible for the technical platform Simul’auto (Oktal 360° dynamic driving simulator). She is a member of the “Aeronautics, space and new mobilities” scientific animation pole of the Toulouse Federal University.

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